Cultural Characteristics of Europe Religion In Europe Europe is home to many religions There are three main religions These are Judaism, Christianity, and Islam These religions have some similarities and even a common history Monotheism (the belief in one god) is
cental to all three religions Religion In Europe They are also different in their beliefs about God and man. Sometimes these beliefs cause disagreements between people. Disagreements can even happen between people of the same religious group. Europe Today
Religion has been very important in the history of Europe. Wars have been fought, and government leaders have been changed, because of religious issues. Today, most Europeans have the legal freedom to choose their religion. Most Europeans recognize and respect the
rights of others to choose their own religion. Judaism Founder- Abraham (about 2000 BC) Holy Book- Torah Name of Followers- Jews Number of Followers Worldwide- 15 million Important Facts of Judaism
Torah is the first five books of the writings of Moses, believed to be given to Moses by God at Mt. Sinai Talmud is the written version of the Oral Law belief is in the laws of one God and the words of his prophets actions and following the laws are important
Three main types of Judaism are: Orthodox (most traditional), Conservative and Reform (least traditional) Jews in Europe were nearly wiped out by Hitler and Nazi Germany (Holocaust) Christianity Founder- Jesus Christ (30 AD) Holy Book- Bible Name of Followers- Christians Number of Followers Worldwide- 2.1 Billion
Important Facts of Christianity the five books of Moses make up the first five books of the Bible
beliefs are based on the teachings of Jesus: love of God and neighbor, a regard for justice, a belief that Jesus is the Son of God Christianity is divided into 3 major groups: Eastern Orthodox, Roman Catholic, and Protestant Protestants include Anglicans, Baptists, Methodists, Presbyterians, Episcopalians and other non-Catholic, and non-Orthodox Christians Christianity is in most parts of the world today Islam Founder-
Muhammad (about 610 AD) Holy Book- Koran (Quran) Name of Followers- Muslims Number of Followers Worldwide- 1.3 Billion Important Facts of Islam Muslims believe that Muhammad was the last of the prophets, which included Abraham and Jesus the main duties of Muslims are called the Five Pillars
are prayer giving to charity belief in and submission to one God (Allah) fasting during the month of Ramadan a trip to Mecca once in a lifetime (Hajj)
the two largest groups of Muslims are the Sunnis and the Shiites; the Sunnis account for 90% of the worlds Muslims it is the main religion of the Middle East, North Africa, and Asia number of followers is rapidly growing Europe Languages The continent of Europe is slightly larger than the United States in land area. Europes population is more than
double the population of the United States. In the United States, English is the dominant language. Europe Languages Europe is much different. It is home to more than two hundred native languages. A few languages are dominant, but many more are spoken by large numbers of people.
Germanic Language Most European languages are in three main categories: Germanic languages, Romance languages, and Slavic languages. The Germanic language group has the most native speakers. European native speakers of this group live mostly in northwest and central Europe.
Germanic Language About 20 percent of Europeans speak one of two languagesEnglish and Germanas their native language. Most Europeans learn English as a second language in their schools even if they dont speak English at home. Romance Languages languages,
which includes French, Italian, and Spanish. These languages are found in the south and west of Europe. These languages come from Latin, the language of the ancient Roman Empire. Romance Languages The Roman alphabet is used to write both Romance and Germanic languages, although not every
language has the exact same characters and punctuation. Slavic Languages Slavic languages include Russian. Slavic languages are found in central and eastern Europe. These languages do not always use the Roman alphabet. They are written with a Cyrillic alphabet. Russian, for example, uses the Cyrillic alphabet.
Why is language a problem? Having so many languages can be a problem. It is difficult to live, work, and trade with people who cannot communicate with each other. Europeans have worked hard to solve this problem. Most schoolchildren learn one or two other languages besides their own.
European Union The European Union has twenty-three official languages to make sure that people can understand laws and decisions made by the government. There are special laws to protect languages too. Europeans want to keep alive the languages spoken by only a few people. At the same time, they are working to build a unified Europe.
Summary Describe the three different groups of languages in Europe. (include the name and where they are spoken Why is language such a problem in Europe? Create a triple Venn diagram on the three religions of Europe.
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