Moral Doctrines and Moral Theories - Cengage

Moral Doctrines and Moral Theories Vice and Virtue in Everyday Life Chapter 4 The Experience Machine, Nozick What

matters to us, apart from having pleasant conscious experiences? First, we want to actually do certain things. Second, we want to be a certain kind of people. The Experience Machine, Nozick

Third, we do not want to be limited to a man-made reality. The Judeo-Christian Tradition Genesis:

Creation and Fall Exodus: The 10 Commandments and other moral prescriptions for Israel Psalms: Happiness in knowing and following God The Judeo-Christian Tradition The

Sermon on the Mount: Human fulfillment through an inner moral and spiritual transformation Morality is Based on Gods Commands, Mortimer The

Divine Command Theory of Ethics: Gods will determines what is right and what is wrong. The ethical person is both merciful and just. Why Morality Does Not Depend on Religion, Arthur The

Nature of Morality The Nature of Religion What is the connection between morality and religion? Why Morality Does Not Depend on Religion

Religion might motivate moral behavior. Perhaps God provides us with moral knowledge. Arthurs rejection of these 2 claims Why Morality Does Not Depend on

Religion The Euthyphro Dilemma Of Benevolence, Hume Hume believes that all knowledge is based on experience. Morality is grounded in our human sentiments.

Benevolence is the key moral sentiment. The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas, Le Guine Le Guines description of the happiness of the many in Omelas

Le Guines description of the misery of the one child The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas Why do some people walk away from Omelas? What implications does this have for

the credibility of utilitarianism? Utilitarianism, Mill Mills Principle of Utility Mills Definition of Happiness There is a difference between the higher and lower pleasures. How do we discover which pleasures

are better? A Critique of Utilitarianism, Williams Utilitarianism sometimes might require us to do the wrong thing.

The case of George The case of Jim and Pedro A Critique of Utilitarianism Integrity and the value of our deeply held projects pose problems for utilitarianism.

Good Will, Duty, and the Categorical Imperative, Kant Kant believes that only a good will is unconditionally good. The person of good will does her duty for dutys sake.

Kant contd. Kants analysis of the moral worth of actions: impulse, reason, and duty. Hypothetical and Categorical Imperatives The Categorical Imperative: act only on that maxim whereby thou canst at

the same time will that it should become a universal law. The Holocaust and Moral Philosophy, Sommers Introduction: religion, morality, and

the Holocaust Doing wrong vs. wrongdoing The rationalist approach to morality, e.g. Kant The Holocaust and Moral Philosophy The

sentimentalist approach to morality, e.g. Hume Moral philosophy should prohibit cruelty to sentient non-persons. A Critique of Kantianism, Taylor The problem with many moral

philosophers is their lack of appreciation for the pain and sorrow that exist in the world. Such moralists focus on solving abstract philosophical problems. A Critique of Kantianism Kant failed to realize that there may

be no true morality. Kants theory is divorced from concrete human nature and experience. We must find moral answers that work.

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