Medical terminology - College of Medicine

MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY 1 Dr. Ranan Kardagh MB.Ch.B, FIBMS Haematology Word Root BUILDING MEDICAL TERMS Prefix Suffix 2 Combining forms OBJECTIVES After studying this chapter, you will be able to: Define the four word parts used to build medical terms. Define common medical combining forms. Define common medical prefixes. Define common medical suffixes. Describe how word parts are put

together to form words. 3 FORMING MEDICAL TERMS Medical Term Word root Prefix Suffix Combining forms 4 FORMING MEDICAL TERMS PART Medical terms are formed from two2or more word parts. Word root The main part of a word which

contains the basic meaning. Prefix Word parts attached to the beginning of a word that modifies the meaning. Suffix Word parts attached to the end of a word that modifies the meaning. Combining A combining vowel that enable two parts to be 5 connected . WORD ROOTS AND COMBINING FORMS [ACANTH(O)] Combining Forms Meaning

acanth (o) spiny, thorny actin (o) light aer (o) air; gas athero plaque; fatty substance bacill (i) bacilli; bacteria bar (o) 6 weight; pressure

WORD ROOTS AND COMBINING FORMS [BLAST(O)] Combining Forms Meaning blasto immature cells carcin(o) cancer chondro cartilage cry(o) cold crypt(o) hidden cyan(o)

blue 7 WORD ROOTS AND COMBINING FORMS [CYT(O)] Combining Forms Meaning cyt(o) cell dextr(o) right dips(o) thirst dors(o) back

erythr(o) red esthesio sensation, perception 8 WORD ROOTS AND COMBINING FORMS [GALACT(O)] Combining Forms Meaning galact(o) milk gluco glucose gero old age

glyco sugars gyn(o) women home(o) same kin(o) movement 9 WORD ROOTS AND COMBINING FORMS [KINESI(O) Combining Forms Meaning kinesi(o) motion lact(o)

milk leuk(o) white lith(o) stone mio smaller; less narco sleep; numbness necro death; dying 10 WORD ROOTS AND COMBINING FORMS [NOCT(O)]

Combining Forms Meaning noct(i) night oncho tumor path(o) disease phago eating phon(o) sound; voice pseud(o) false pyo

11 pus WORD ROOTS AND COMBINING FORMS Combining Forms Meaning [PYRO] pyro fever salping(o) tube schiz(o) split; division scler(o) hardening scolio

crooked; bent somato body spiro 12 breath; breathe WORD ROOTS AND COMBINING FORMS [TEL(O)] Combining Forms tel(o) Meaning distant; end; complete tono tension; pressure tropho

food; nutrition xanth(o) yellow xeno stranger Xer(o) dry 13 PREFIXES Prefix Word Root Suffix Prefixes are attached to the beginning of words. Modifies the meaning of the word or word root.

Indicates size, quantity, position of, and location.14 Prefix PREFIXES (AAUT) Meaning a without ab away from ambi both, around ana up, toward ante before

anti against 15 aut(0) self Prefix PREFIXES (BRACHYHYPO) Meaning brachy short brady slow contra against dys

abnormal; difficult hemi half hyper above normal hypo below normal 16 Prefix PREFIXES (INTERPERI) Meaning inter between iso

equal; same mal bad; inadequate meta after micr(o) small olig(o) few; little; scanty peri around; about; near 17 Prefix

Meaning PREFIXES (PROUN) pro before; forward re again; backward retro behind; backward semi half supra above; over tachy fast

un not 18 END OF SESSION ONE 19 SUFFIXES Prefix Word Root Suffix Attaches to the end of the word and carries the underlying meaning of the word. Suffixes can also be combining forms. 20 Suffix (ADCRINE) SUFFIXES

Meaning -ad toward -algia pain -asthenia weakness -blast immature; forming -cidal destroying; killing -clast breaking -crine

secreting 21 Suffix (CRITECTOMY) SUFFIXES Meaning -crit separate -cyte cell -cytosis condition of cells -derma skin -dynia

pain -ectasis -ectomy expanding; dilating removal of 22 Suffix (EMESISGRAPHY)Meaning SUFFIXES -emesis vomiting -emia blood -esthesia sensation -globin

protein -gram a recording -graph recording instrument 23 -graphy process of recording Suffix SUFFIXES (ICMALACIA) Meaning -ic pertaining to -ism condition; disease

-itis inflammation -kinesia movement -logist one who practices -lysis destruction of -malacia softening 24 Suffix SUFFIXES (MANIA-PATHY)

Meaning -mania obsession -megaly enlargement -oid like; resembling -opia vision -ostomy opening -para bearing -pathy

disease 25 Suffix SUFFIXES (PENIA-PHRENIA)Meaning -penia deficiency -pepsia digestion -pexy fixation -phage eating; devouring -phobia fear

-phonia sound -phrenia of the mind 26 Suffix Meaning SUFFIXES (PHYLAXIS-RRHAPHY) -phylaxis protection -plasty surgical repair -plegia paralysis -pnea

breath -ptosis falling down; drooping -rrhagia heavy discharge 27 -rrhaphy surgical suturing Suffix (RRHEXIS-TROPIA)Meaning SUFFIXES -rrhexis rupture -spasm contraction -stasis

stopping; constant -stenosis narrowing -tomy cutting operation -trophy nutrition 28 -tropia turning Using various word parts, build terms for the following APPLY YOUR KNOWLEDGE meanings. Meaning Term

Absence of blood anemia Bluish color of hands and feet cyanosis Fast heart. Breakdown of sugar. tachycardia glycolysis 29 Using various parts, build terms APPLY YOUR word KNOWLEDGE PARTfor 2 the following meanings. Meaning Term

Decrease number of white blood cells. leukopenia Softening of bone. osteomalacia Inflammation of a vein. phlebitis Nerve pain. neuralgia Science of skin and its diseases. dermatology30 THANK YOU 31

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