Ltc Reform Trends Between National and Local Policies ...

CeRGAS Centre for Research on Health and Social Care Management ELDERLY CARE AND THE VALUE OF SHARING ECONOMY. WHAT CAN WE LEARN AND BRING TO THE CARE SECTOR FROM SHARING ECONOMY INITIATIVES. Giovanni Fosti*, Francesco Longo, Elisabetta Notarnicola [email protected] 4th International Conference on Evidence-based Policy in Long-term Care London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE), London, 4 - 7 September 2016. 1 Traditional welfare vs innovation Western welfare systems are collapsing: Symptoms: Welfare based on single performances rather than continuous care Welfare stucked in traditional policies, not capable to meet new emerging needs (i.e. integration and immigration) Reaching ability unsufficient to provide answers to all the citizens in need Equity problem not solved yet Funding crisis not solved yet 2 What collaborative / sharing economy is? (1) Collaborative economy:

Economy based on networks where people and resources of all kind are interconnected. This lead to new / different: - Production mechanisms (both for goods and services) - Consumption mechanisms (both for goods and services) - Financial and non financial resources - Knowledge and competences required Rachel Botsman, Whats mine is yours (2010) 3 What collaborative / sharing economy is? (2) Sharing economy: Sharing of assets of all kind that would be underemployed following traditional production / consumption mechanisms and that create positive value if shared 3 keywords: - Goods / services / assets - Brokerage / platform -

Financial and non financial resources Rachel Botsman, Whats mine is yours (2010) 1. 2. 3. 4. 4 pillars: Critical mass: it doesnt work for small numbers of users There must be some underemployed productive capacity Transactions are based on the sharing of something Trust is essential 4 What can collaborative / sharing economy bring to welfare? More flexibility and personalisation Through the sharing flexibility and personalisation are more accessible and less expensive: answering to individual needs would be easier More resources, less scarcity Through the sharing existing resources (financial and non financial) would be aggregated and would benefit of different type of economies: more

possibilities to reach citizens Trust for the economy and the community Sharing mechanisms are based on trust and collective action and generate in turn trust and collective action. More trust and social relation would produce positive spill over for many aspects of the community life Switch to web based technology Sharing platform are mainly based on web systems allowing to reach more people with less money (not effort):more equity in the welfare system 5 Which differences between shared services and traditional welfare services? Traditional welfare services Shared services Service features Given Open to changes Providers makers Broker Service design Planned ex ante

Emerging Production logic Retrenchment Growth Technology Peripheral Core Citizens in charge Social priority Need assesments Self - selection Control Administrative Social Successful if Contain expenditure Generate resources

Promoted by Public authority Community 6 3 possible examples for LTC and Welfare: Examples provided from existing experiences 7 Welfare tripadvisor Obj: platform where it would be possible to exchange information an evaluation about public and privare welfare services with a user oriented mechanism. Service feature NEED TO SATISFY Counselling Orientiring Balance between work and caring activities More trust and transparency in welfare services CRITICAL MASS

A district A given geographical area HOW TO REACH THE CRITICAL MASS Brokerage thruogh existing social channels: schools, etc.. Incentives Mass media PLATFORMS Schools Social meeting places Websites TARGETS

Mothers Families Young .. 8 Silver age connection Obj: platform where elderlies in good health can meet to join leisure, cultural, sports activities to support active ageing and find new opportunities Service feature NEED TO SATISFY Alone elderlies Poor elderlies Active elderlies .. CRITICAL MASS Geographical area? Team?

.. HOW TO REACH THE CRITICAL MASS Professionals groups? neighbourhood? GPs? PLATFORMS Public libraries Newspapers web TARGETS Elderlies Elderlies families 9 Backup caregiver

Obj: sharing of caregivers to provide a backup solution to more families with less expenditure. Service feature NEED TO SATISFY Flexibility for care at home Safety net in case of emergency Sharing of the expenditures for personal caregivers CRITICAL MASS Neibourhood? HOW TO REACH THE CRITICAL MASS Prevention activities GPs PLATFORMS

Buildings web TARGETS Families Elderlies? 10 Conclusions Sharing economy is a good possibility to promote innovation in the LTC sector and, more broadly, in the welfare sector. Sharing economy services wont substitute traditional care services but they can contribute to active ageing efforts and supportive care services. Sharing economy is not the way to solve the welfare issue but it can help to promote a more inclusive society and to provide welfare services to a broader group of citizens. 11

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • WEEK 4 EMBRYO Primordia of the brain General

    WEEK 4 EMBRYO Primordia of the brain General

    Migration of the cells from the occipital Myotomes into the future mouth to form the tongue . This is an explanation to how the arches appear…. as a result of migration of the cells from the medial mesoderm (somites) into...
  • Introduction to Global Business 2e - Cengage

    Introduction to Global Business 2e - Cengage

    Hedging Foreign Exchange (Forex) Riskwith Derivatives. Hedging. Using currency derivatives to reduce potential transaction, translation, and economic risks of currency movements that could lead to losses for a firm or investor. Speculators. Trade in currencies and currency derivatives to earn...
  • 2014 Governors Small Business Forum What is Workforce

    2014 Governors Small Business Forum What is Workforce

    The Skills Development Fund program assists businesses and trade unions by financing the design and implementation of customized job-training projects. This fund successfully merges business needs and local customized training opportunities into a winning formula to increase the skills levels...
  • Case two: Outbreak of a PVL producing MRSA

    Case two: Outbreak of a PVL producing MRSA

    MRSA seek and destroy i.e. screen and decolonise. Kiernan M IPS 2018. Panton Valentine Leukocidin (PVL) Panton-Valentine Leukocidin. First described in 1894. Pore forming toxin. Leukotoxin produced by . S. aureus. 2 exoproteins (LukS & LukF) SSTIs. Garvey MI .
  • MOVING FORWARD MONDAY March 9 - Community Unit School ...

    MOVING FORWARD MONDAY March 9 - Community Unit School ...

    CHAPTERS 1-2 READING QUIZ: Show what you know!Learning Target: I can summarize the text from a character's point-of-view. You are Piggy and you are writing in your diary (pretend that diaries are available on the island).
  • Their Eyes Were Watching God - oakwood.k12.il.us

    Their Eyes Were Watching God - oakwood.k12.il.us

    Their Eyes Were Watching God for the New Masses, (5 October 1937: 22-23) To him Hurston's book was a kind of minstrel show. No basic idea or theme that lends itself to significant interpretation. …prose cloaked in that facile sensuality...
  • Electrical Power - Drexel University

    Electrical Power - Drexel University

    Electrical Power J. Mitchell for AE-210 What Does Electrical Power Do? Provides Energy for Buildings Usually all except Heating How is that Power Used? User's Equipment Computers Machinery etc. Lighting Major Equipment Emergency Review of Basics Power (P) is a...
  • CHAPTER 6 User Defined Functions 6.1 CREATING FUNCTION

    CHAPTER 6 User Defined Functions 6.1 CREATING FUNCTION

    Example 6.3 : Metals composed of small crystals are stronger than metals composed of fewer large crystals. The metal yield strength (the amount of stress at which the metal starts to permanently deform) is related to the average grain diameter...