1. Shoe verbs (e-ie) and(o-ue)

Espaol II Repaso de gramtica esencial 1. Shoe verbs (e-ie) and (o-ue) Some verbs make a change in their stem. These verbs go o-ue in all forms except nosotros: mostrar: to show muestro mostramos muestras muestra muestran dormir: to sleep duermo dormimos

duermes duerme duermen Notice that dormir (an ir verb) has different endings than mostrar (an ar verb) LOS VERBOS o-ue Dormir sleep Contar count/tell Mostrar show Encontrar find Almorzar eat lunch

llover costar poder volver acostar rain cost able to return put to bed

puedo I can He counts cuenta It rains llueve You (fam) return vuelves They cost cuestan It hurts! duele! Shoe verbs (e-ie) Some verbs make an e-ie change in their stem in all forms except nosotros:

cerrar: to close cierro cerramos cierras cierra cierran preferir: to prefer prefiero prefieres prefiere preferimos prefieren

Notice that it is the second -e in preferir that changes to ie. Verbos e-ie querer to want cerrar close perder lose empezar start preferir* despertar(se) wake up Entender understand pensar think divertirse have fun nevar to snow

2. -go verbs The following verbs have irregular forms and all end in go in the yo form. hacer hago hacemos haces hace hacen

to do/make poner pongo To put ponemos pones pone

ponen traer traigo to bring traemos traes trae

traen salir salgo To leave salimos sales sale

salen decir to say/tell digo decimos dices dice

dicen or oigo to hear omos oyes oye

oyen 3. El Futuro I shall go home Jill will fight They will understand hablar hablar hablar emos

hablar s hablar hablar n The infinitive is the stem for the Future Tense romper romper romperemos

rompers romper rompern endings are the same for -ar and -er/ir, verbs

Qu ser, ser What will be, will be Ir al cielo I will go to Heaven No ganars You will not win Olvidaremos We wont forget

valer

valdrDecir dirHacer harHabr una fiesta Saber sabrPoder podrPoner pondr- Los irregulares! Tener tendrVenir vendrQuerer querrSalir saldr- 4. El Presente Perfecto I have eaten Have you slept? Bob has arrived

I have He hablado Has llegado Ha fumado eaten hemos gritado He comido Has salido?

Hemos ido han pagado Objects must always precede he, ha etc.. Me he afeitado Lo hemos cerrado Las has lavado? I have won! He ganado

Have you ran? Has corrido? Dad has fallen Pap ha cado We have found it Lo hemos encontrado Participios pasados irregulares Written escrito Told

dicho Opened abierto Seen visto Broken roto Done hecho Returned vuelto Put puesto muerto

Died I have done it! Lo he hecho They have seen me Me han visto I have put He puesto We have returned hemos vuelto 5. Mandatos

Commands tell someone what to do. Compare these sentences: Jill studies for the test. Jill, study for the test! The second sentence is a command, sometimes called the imperative. In Spanish, its called a Mandato. To form Commands to someone you would address as t: 1. Affirmatives: Go to the l/ella/usted form of present

tense: Eat fish! Buy a dog! Attend class Come Compra Asiste Watch out for the 8 irregulars!

Los irregulares hacer decir venir tener salir poner ir ser haz di

ven ten sal pon ve s Los irregulares Leave the room! Sal Do your work!

Haz Be nice! S Tell the truth! Di la verdad! Tell me! Dime! Come here! Ven aqu! Have fun! Divirtete!

Attach objects (lo, las, etc) to affirmative commands Comprala! Comelos! Reflexive verbs always attach te to command Dchate! Despirtate!

Vstete! 6. El Pasado El Pretrito El Imperfecto

El Pretrito ***A single completed action I got up. We cut onions. I sliced my finger. Mom cried.

cant canta r cantamos cantaste cant cantaron

paga r pag gu pagamos pagaste pag llega

r naveg ar pagaron jugar apagar toca r

toc qu tocamos tocaste toc buscar secar

tocaron practicar explica r cruzar cruz c

cruzamos cruzaste cruz empeza r cruzaron aterriza r almorza

r entende r enten d enteniste d enteni d

enten imos d entend iero n tene r tuv -

tu e v estu ist v e vino esta r veni r

estuv- Vin- tuvimo s estuvieron hace r hic-

hi e c hicist e hizo hicimo s hicieron ir

fui fuiste fue se r fuimo s fueron Fui al correo La fiesta fue

estupenda ver dar di dimos diste dio

vi vimos viste dieron vio vieron lee

r le lemos leste ley leer

leyeron or creer influi r caer El Pasado El pretrito

El imperfecto Usos del Imperfecto 1. To describe an action in progress what someone was doing at some point in the past Ana cantaba Mis padres trabajaban We were winning

ganbamos 2. To say what someone used to to do or would do in the past Siempre comprabas dulces Yo fumaba en el bao a veces clue words todas las noches generalmente cada da

a menudo frecuentemente Descriptions a. Physical Ella era alta Tena ojos cafs b. Mental/emotional Quera dinero Odibamos la qumica Me encantaban juegos

El Imperfecto 1. AP 2. HA 3. Telling time/age in past Era la una Tena 4 aos 4. Description cerrar cerr aba

(e-ie) cerr bamos cerr abas cerr aba cerr aban El Imperfecto comer

coma comamos comas coma coman Los irregulares ir iba

bamos ibas iba iban Los irregulares ser era eras

era ramos eran Cuando ramos nios It is 9:00 Son las Eran las99

I often rode bike Yo montaba Were you drinking? Bebas? We used to go to Florida bamos a Florida She was pretty Era bonita MOOD

MOOD el indicativo el subjuntivo 7. The Subjunctive If I were president I recommend that you be on time I suggest that she drink milk

If it please the Court El Subjuntivo Wanting, telling, asking, hoping, recommending that someone else do something. Querer pedir recomendar esperar

decir ojal que Switch of subject Verb in subjuntivo

I want you to listen Quiero t escuchar Quiero que t escuches Ella te pide que _________ Quiero que t _________ la verdad. digas decir venga ahora? Pides que yo _________

venir Recomendamos que ellos ________ salgan salir Digo que l _________ escoja bien escoger Ojal que ellos _________ a casa ir

More Subjunctive triggers 1. Con expresiones de emocin Temo que temer to fear Siento que sentir to be sorry Me alegro que alegrarse to be happy

1. Estoy feliz que vengas a mi fiesta. 2. Tememos que usted pierda. 3. Nos alegramos que des sangre. 4. Luis siente que yo vaya a la crcel. Subjunctive triggers 2. Con expresiones de duda dudo que no creo que no estoy seguro que niego que

negar (ie) to deny Subjuntivo trigger #3 Expresiones impersonales e u q e t n a

t r o p m i Es Es necesa rio e

u q r o j e m Es Es p osibl e qu

e que Es u m i t s na l

e u aq Es importante saber la fecha. Es importante que llegues a tiempo Es bueno verte Es bueno que Pedro no venga Es una lstima perder todo Es una lstima que ellos no ganen

8. El Presente Progresivo What is happening?!! My knee is swelling! The Presente progresive emphasizes actions that are happening NOW. El Presente Progresivo I am winning Estar + _________ing ando

ganar estoy estamos ests est estn fumando saliendo I am losing Estoy perdiendo She is learning.

Est aprendiendo She is learning it Lo est aprendiendo Est aprendiendolo We are reading Estamos leyendo creyendo, oyendo, trayendo She is telling the truth Est diciendo la verdad pidiendo vistiendo

viniendo sirviendo divirtindome dormir morir Est durmiendo Est muriendo! 8. Objetos Compare the use of subjects and objects in English:

I like cats She pays me. We are mean. Chuck hates us. You are pretty. I see you. Blue words are subjects Red words are objects Now, in Spanish me

me te lo, la le him, her you it, him, her us

nos them los, las les who receive them, yall Objects are placed in front of the verb Ramn me escribe.

Mis abuelos nos buscan. Mis amigos lo compran. Yo te veo. In a sentence with 2 verbs, the object can be placed in front of the first verb or attached to the infinitve. Van a pagarnos. Nos van a pagar. lo,

la, los, or las Translate as it, him, her, or them Can be people or things Lo, la vs. le, les Ramn la habla Ray talks to her Ramn le da una manzana He gives her an apple (she receives something)

Mis padres los buscan My parents look for them. (people) Van a comprarles comida. Theyre going to buy them food (receiving = les) 9. Comparativos ms/menosque more/less than tancomo asas tanto(a)(s)como as much/many as

Los irregulares Older Younger Better worse mayor menor mejor peor

Somos peores que ustedes Los Comparativos Soy ms fuerte que t Eres menos rico que yo Soy ms malo en espaol que t peor Corres tan lento como un tren. Quiero tanto dinero como ustedes. Busco tantas sillas como estudiantes.

Tengo ms de cien pesos. 10. Suficios lovely insanity hopeful illness readable

Los Suficios You will be able to read many more articles, letters, books, etc. in Spanish if you are familiar with some of the most common suffixes. The slides that follow pick out some important ones that are not cognates. -ez(a) -ness, -ity -making a noun out of an adj.

La tristeza La pobreza La riqueza -mente *means -ly. Added to feminine form of adjective to make an adverb: -rpido -seguro -triste -fcil

rapidamente seguramente tristemente facilmente -simo(a)(s) *superlative (really, really) bellsima santsimo riqusimo

s largusimas -idad -ity Mi identidad La Trinidad La eternidad una posibilidad

**siempre feminina -dad/edad *-ness or -hood La enfermedad La hermanidad La soledad -azo

*big ol Un zapatazo Un platazo de frijoles Es hombrazo

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Office of Financial Responsibility and Data Management SWIA

    Office of Financial Responsibility and Data Management SWIA

    Other Data Reporting. Large retailers such as Target and Walmart submit recycling data to DEQ. This information is available for planning units to use when calculating its recycling rate.
  • Introduction to Shakespeare and Macbeth Objective: to ...

    Introduction to Shakespeare and Macbeth Objective: to ...

    Introduction to Shakespeare and Macbeth Objective: to comprehend how context informs the narrative. [Context] Everything that surrounds the subject (time, place, culture, politics, history) Last modified by
  • The Profession of Medical Assisting

    The Profession of Medical Assisting

    29 The Respiratory System
  • Vocabulary English II Lesson # 1 Roots and

    Vocabulary English II Lesson # 1 Roots and

    believing too easily, gullible (antonym = incredulous) creed (n) statement of belief or principle. deify (v) to make a god of. deity (n) god or goddess. atheist (n) person who believes there is no god. theocracy (n) government by divine...
  • Radiation risks at nuclear fuel fabrication and spent fuel ...

    Radiation risks at nuclear fuel fabrication and spent fuel ...

    Manufacture of ceramic UO2 pellets. The UO2 powder may need further processing or conditioning before it can be formed into pellets: • Homogenization: powders may need to be blended to ensure uniformity in terms of particle size distribution and specific...
  • What is the Purpose of a Science Fair?

    What is the Purpose of a Science Fair?

    What is a good idea for my science project? This is the first thing you start thinking about when you hear "Science Fair." Before you get started, you need to know the difference between an experiment and a demonstration.
  • UNP In Brief to Dir CDD 120613

    UNP In Brief to Dir CDD 120613

    Urgent Needs Process (UNP)Criteria & Validation "In a Timeframe Acceptable to Operating Force Commanders" Definition: "An urgent need is an exceptional request from a Navy or Marine Corps component commander for an additional warfighting capability critically needed by operating forces...
  • Sample Presentation Title

    Sample Presentation Title

    Provides the ACE with detailed project specifications. This can be done via the Specifying Authority Project Data Form (see below) or by filling out a form provided by your ACE. Specifying Authority Tutorial. What does the SA do? CMA &...